What is Mania?


What is Mania?

Mania is a mental health condition which causes people to experience episodes of abnormally high levels of excitement and energy. While experiencing a manic episode, people may appear extra enthusiastic, euphoric, and even hyperactive. Overly stimulated by situations and failing to consider the potential consequences to their actions, they may feel invincible, act irresponsibly, take on risky behavior, and become irritated when others don’t share their excitement or “rain on their parade.”

Mania is a component in serious mental health disorders such as bipolar disorder (sometimes referred to as manic depression) and psychosis and can also be induced by substance abuse. Individuals experiencing manic episodes should seek professional help to identify its cause and an appropriate course of treatment before the condition advances. Untreated, mania sufferers may experience difficulties in all areas of their life, relationships, and career, and can become a danger to themselves and others.

What follows is information on the various types, symptoms, and treatments for mania. As you read on, if you recognize yourself or someone you love in these paragraphs, we can help. At Sanctuary Clinics, we’ve helped hundreds of mania sufferers find relief. Call NOW!

What are the types of Mania?

There are two main types of mania, euphoric and dysphoric. We’ll break them down below.

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Euphoric Mania

Euphoric mania, like the name suggests, is characterized by feelings of euphoria. As you might imagine, people experiencing euphoria describe it as an enjoyable experience. But in this state, judgment and reason can go out the window, and reckless thoughts and behaviors occur. Euphoric mania can result in foolish spending, unsafe sexual practice, neglecting things like sleep, relationships, commitments, and responsibilities. Euphoric mania may start out “feeling great” but ultimately leads you down a path of destruction.

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Dysphoric Mania

Dysphoric mania is a combination of manic feelings and depressed feelings, ups and downs, sometimes referred to as a mixed mania. Experienced as the opposite of euphoric mania, dysphoric mania presents primarily as agitation, discomfort, and negative energy. Dysphoric mania sufferers often exhibit depression symptoms, pessimism, irritability, and even aggression.

What are the Symptoms of Mania?

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), a manic episode is a “distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity or energy, lasting at least 1 week and present most of the day, nearly every day (or any duration, if hospitalization is necessary).”

Mania is recognized by symptoms such as

  • Abnormally elevated levels of energy and/or activity
  • Extreme mood swings of happiness, excitement, and even euphoria
  • Racing thoughts across many topics at once
  • Easily distracted, rapidly shifting focus
  • Obsessive behavior
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Reckless behavior
  • Inflated self-esteem and self-confidence, grandiosity
  • Talking fast and/or being so talkative that others can’t get a word in
  • Physical hyperactivity, fidgeting, pacing, etc.
  • Difficulty sleeping and/or being still

Mania is not a condition to be taken lightly. With proper diagnosis and treatment, sufferers enjoy full, healthy, and happy lives. Sanctuary Clinics treats mania, bipolar disorder, and other co-occurring conditions, helping people just like you find freedom, health and hope.

What are the Medications for Mania disorder?

Different types and doses of medication may be used to treat your condition depending
on your diagnosis and the acuteness of your symptoms. Medications may include:

Different types and doses of medication may be used to treat your condition depending on your diagnosis and the acuteness of your symptoms. Medications may include:

What is Mania?

Mood stabilizers

Such as lithium (Lithobid), valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex sodium (Depakote), carbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro, others) and lamotrigine (Lamictal).

What is Mania?


Such as olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel), aripiprazole (Abilify), ziprasidone (Geodon), lurasidone (Latuda) or asenapine (Saphris).

What is Mania?


Medications – benzodiazepines may be prescribed on a short-term basis to help alleviate anxiety and improve sleep.

Mania FAQS


How to diagnose Mania disorder?

There is no specific test to diagnose mania. Typically, your doctor will conduct a physical exam and run lab tests to identify any medical components to your condition, conduct a psychiatric assessment, evaluate your symptoms, and inquired as to your medical and family history to reach a diagnosis.


What usually triggers mania?

The most common trigger for mania is stress (significant life events, death, loss, and bereavement, etc.). Substance use can trigger mania. Certain medications and combinations of medications can trigger manic episodes. Pregnancy and other shifts in hormones can trigger manic episodes.


What is the difference between mania and manic?

Mania and manic are closely related, mania referring to a diagnosable mental/behavioral disorder and manic referring to an episode of mania.


Where to get help for mania disorders?

Sanctuary Clinics brings together the very latest in neuroscience, evidence-based therapies, and the healing power of God experienced in a loving and supportive community to address your mental health needs and find relief for your symptoms.

We are here to help! CALL (850) 935-3637